NOVEMBER 2018 CRUISE "Birding Down Under"
to the New Zealand Sub-Antarctic Islands and to Australia's Macquarie Island
Click particular island below
|Snares Crested Penguins, Cape Petrels, Red-billed Gull, Antarctic Tern, Coastal Views
Enderby Island (Auckland Group)
& Auckland Island
|Yellow-eyed Penguin, Auckland Teal, Hooker's Sea Lion, Antarctic Skua, Southern Royal Albatross, Southern Rockhopper Penguins, Coastal scene, Mega-herbs
|King Penguins & Chicks, Royal Penguins, Gentoo Penguins, Macquarie Shags, Southern Elephant Seal, Antarctic Skua, Southern Giant Petrel
|Coastal Scenes, Mega-herbs, Campbell Island Teal, Cambell Island Shag, Kelp Gull, Light-mantled Sooty Albatross, Hooker's Sea Lion
|Chatham Island Albatross, Pitt Shag, Chatham Island Pigeon, Chatham Island Oyster Catcher, Vegetation, Coastal Views incl. Mangere, Pyramid and Castle Islands
|Cape Petrels, Erect-crested Penguins, Coastal Scenes, Reischek's Parakeet
|Salvin's Albatross, Erect-crested Penguin, Bounty Island Shag, New Zealand Fur Seal, Fulmar Prion, Cape Petrel, Coastal View
|At sea near the Chatham Islands
Chatham Island Albatross,
Northern Royal Albatross,
December 2001 Cruise
Hobart to the Ross Sea
Antarctica – notes from u3aonline.org.au
great wilderness, the Antarctic land mass, covers almost one tenth of
Earth’s surface and is the world’s coldest, driest and windiest continent.
landforms feature In the Antarctic?
Antarctic continent supports the greatest mass of ice in the world and a
closer look reveals a great variety of ice formations and landform features.
Volcanoes, glaciers, dry valleys and icebergs are a few of these features.
flora and fauna of Antarctica unique?
environment makes it difficult for plants and animals to survive. Lichens
and mosses are found on ice-free areas and the only permanent residents are
microscopic invertebrates. However, varieties of penguins and other seabirds
and seals are regular visitors to the continent and the surrounding seas
contain a rich and diverse marine life.
the first people to explore the Antarctic Region?
its isolation Antarctica was not settled by any indigenous people.
Discoveries by Europeans were at first accidental but following the voyages
of Captain James Cook more and more ships arrived looking for valuable
resources. Later, scientific expeditions and land claims followed. Ancient
thoughts, early explorers, Captain Cook, sealers, whalers and other
How do the
world's nations cooperate in managing the Antarctic?
World War II, international tension, the USA and Russian cold war and
territorial claims between Argentina, Chile and Great Britain led to a new
period of conflict in Antarctic history. Later a major co-ordinated effort
by the world’s scientists led to the current period of peaceful
Sub-Antarctic Islands unique?
Latitude 50°S and the Antarctic continent are some of the world’s most
remote and unique islands with their own characteristic climate, plant and
animal life. For a hundred years they were exploited by humans with severe
consequences for the natural environment and wildlife. Today the fauna and
flora of many of these areas are fully protected.
the Natural Resources Of The Region Exploited?
resources of the sub-Antarctic islands were exploited by sealers and
whalers. Huge profits attracted more and more commercial activities and
before long the profitable wildlife resources were near extinction.
Antarctic Be A World Heritage Area?
Antarctic region be more fully protected with greater international controls
to preserve the unique features of the region and to prevent further
exploitation of the whales, fish and krill that are still being harvested?